The Single Helix
Chemical Element System data
for Periodic Table Applications
The natural atoms can only be arranged
with all element relationships perfectly
correct in a model by spiralling every element
across one row - in a single helix.
Flat periodic tables currently employ this
systematic data in the more convenient
2D tabular format necessary for easier
printing, study and work of Chemistry.
The differences between 2D periodic tables
and the three-dimensional system model
photographed to illustrate this principle in
the views at the right have been annotated.
Go right for more - Click or zoom to enlarge
Click HERE to see a rotational of the model.
The Hydrogen box has been
stretched and wrapped to
maintain atomic number
sequence with Helium,
uniting the first period,
atop the 8 period Main Group
element tower at the left.
Instead of being at the edges of periodic tables, the ends and beginnings of the shells/ periods are together - greatly improving trends teaching - and clearly defined by period numbers pointing in both directions on the corner bars between Groups 12 & 1.
While the D- & F-blocks (on the right) are each separate, their atomic numbers stay sequential between them and with other blocks by each connecting to both Main Group blocks in a single vertical location - to the right of Group 2 (center).
Importantly, periodic tables
show all element information
at once, but to feel and see
the same data within the physical
grace of this model requires a
physical interaction - which
is attractive to those favoring
bodily-kinesthetic as well as
visual-spatial intelligences -
adding these groups to
others for whom the common
IUPAC style periodic tables'
awkward form is a deterrent.
Large databoxes provide informational text for the verbal-linguistic, while Theodore Gray's object photography appeals to those with naturalistic competencies - plus, recognizable objects promote transfer of learning by introduction of the familiar to new context, easing entry to science for students as well as other laymen.
Hydrogen's unique extended
databox of this model makes
explicit the concept that
Period 1 is quite different from
the periods on the Main Group
(S- & P-blocks) below.
In the Big Bang, Hydrogen, first, then Helium then Lithium are thought to have been realized first, the same order illustrated from top down in this model, rather than being separated on common periodic tables.
The one databox deep downslant feature of the P-block elements is what allows both ends of sequential shells/periods to connect, enablng numerically continuous and contiguous elements - a factor that is explicit in the Periodic Law, but can't be fully complied with in 2D periodic tables.
Instead of Main Group blocks
being pushed apart by the
transition metals, common in
periodic tables, the other block
loops being pinched where they
join between Groups 2 & 3
avoid that distortion (center).
Feeling and seeing the natural beauty of science, which are expressed in this model - either as a great periodic table or a model of the reality of the atoms/elements systematized according to the Periodic Law - provides greater understanding and appreciation of Science.
Flat periodic tables show all elements at once, giving us an unbeatable work platform, while this 3D model requires hands-on to see all elements - adding respect for the Periodic Law and a glimpse of reality.
Touching above and then fully
to the side of Helium, to half
of Fluorine, and to the corner
of Neon, some of the final
Hydrogen databox connections
are best seen in this down-
slant evident view of the
system model : P-block
at the center, D-block to the
left, and F-block at right.
This photograph also clearly shows the elements' helix producing downslant which takes place only in the P-block, but might be on any part of the Main Group elements in order to qualify as an accurate depiction of the chemical element system:
A model with all sequences of atomic numbers and element groups in continuous and contiguous arrangement, complying fully with the Periodic Law.
chemical element system
and 3D periodic table
is available at
AlexanderDESIGN ($49.95), USA,
Curious Minds (£29.99), UK.